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The Current Composition of International Tribunals and Monitoring Bodies

Current Composition of International Tribunals and Monitoring Bodies

GQUAL surveyed a total of 93 international tribunals and monitoring bodies, making a total of 592 positions available. Excerpts of the data covered in Concept Note of the Campaign follow below.

International Tribunals

 

Year Founded Tribunal Current
Members
 Current
Women
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
1945 International Court of Justice 16 3 (19%) 106  4 (3.77%)
2002 International Criminal Court 18 6 (33%) 47 19 (40.43%)
1996 International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 21 3 (14%)  46 4 (8.7%)
International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (“Mechanism”) 25 6 (24%) 31 7 (22.85%)
 TOTAL  80 permanent positions  18 (22.5%)  230
34 (14.78%)

*International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was discontinued in  December 2015

*International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia was discontinued in December 2017

Regional Courts

Year
Founded
Court Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
 1952  European Court of Justice  28  6 (21.43%)  100  11 (11%)
 1979  Court of Justice of the Andean Community  4 1(25%)
 1907  Central American Court of Justice  6  2 (33.33%)
 2005  Caribbean Court of Justice  7  1 (14.29%)  11  2 (18.18%)
 1991  ECOWAS Community Court of Justice  5  2 (40%)  22  7 (31.82%)
 1999 East African Court of Justice  11  1 (9.09%)  23  4 (17.39%)
  TOTAL 61
positions
13 (21.31%) 156 24 (15.38%)

Regional Human Rights Tribunals

Year
Founded
Tribunal Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
 1979 Inter-American Court of Human Rights 7 1 (14.29%) 37 4 (10.81%)
 1959  European Court of Human Rights 47 16 (34.04%) 191 39 (20.42%)
 2004  African Court on Human and People’s Rights 11 6 (54.55%) 29 10 (34.48%)
 TOTAL   
 
65
positions
 23(35.38%) 257 53 (20.62%) 

International Commissions

Year
Founded
Commission Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
 1959 Inter-American Commission
on Human Rights
7 4 (57.14%) 73 16 (21.92%)
1987 African Commission on
Human and People’s Rights
11 6 (54.55%) 52 19 (36.54%)
2010 ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and
Protection of the Rights of Women and Children
20 16 (80%)
1993 ASEAN Intergovernmental
Commission on Human Rights
10 3(30%) 28 8 (28.57%)
 TOTAL    48
positions 
29(60.42%)  153 43(28.10%)

Hybrid Tribunals

Year
Founded
Tribunal Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
 2003 Extraordinary Chambers in
the Courts of Cambodia
16 2 (12.5%) 34 6 (17.65%)
2013 Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone 16 5 (31.25%)
2009 Special Tribunal for Lebanon 11 3 (27.27%) 12 3 (25%)
 TOTAL 43
positions
 10 (23.26%)  46  9 (19.57%)

*5 Judges are appointed by the Government of Sierra Leona and 10 appointed by the United Nations

*Special Court for Sierra Leone was discontinued in 2013

UN Treaty Bodies

Year Founded Committee Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
 1976 Human Rights Committee 18 6 (33.33%)
1985 Committee on Economic,  Social and Cultural Rights  18 6 (33.33%)
1969 Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 18 9 (50%)
2004 Committee on the Protection of the rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families 14 2 (14.29%)
2010 Committee on Enforced Disappearances 10 3 (30%)
1979 Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women 23 21  (91.30%)
1990 Committee on the Rights of the Child 18 10 (55.56%)
1969 Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 18 6 (33.3%)
1987 Committee Against Torture 10 4 (40%)
2007 Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture 25 12 (48%)
TOTAL 172 positions  79(45.93%)  

UN Special Procedures

Year
Founded
Working Group/Special Rapporteurship/ Independent Expert
Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
2000 SR Adequate Housing 1 1 (100%) 3 2 (66.67%)
2000 WG People African Descent 5 1 (20%) 16 7 (43.75%)
1991 WG Arbitrary Detention 5 2 (40%) 19
2011 IExp Promotion of democratic and equitable international order 1 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%)
1998 SR Education 1 1 (100%) 4 2 (50%)
1980 WG Enforced Disappearances 5 1 (20%) 23 2 (8.7%)
2012 SR Safe, Clean, Healthy Environment 1 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%)
1982 SR Extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions 1 1 (100%) 6 2 (33.33%)
1998 SR Extreme poverty 1 0 (0%) 4 2 (50%)
2000 SR Right to food 1 1 (100%) 3 1 (33%)
2005 IExp foreign debt 1 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%)
2010 SR freedom of association 1 0(0%) 3 1 (33.33%)
1993 SR freedom of expression 1 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%)
1986 SR freedom of religion 1 0 (0%) 5 1 (20%)
2002 SR physical and mental health 1 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%)
2000 SR human rights defenders 1 0 (0%) 3 2 (66.67%)
1994 SR independence of judges and lawyers 1 0 (100%) 5 2 (40%)
2001 SR indigenous people 1 1 (100%) 3 1 (33%)
2015 Special Rapporteur on leprosy 1 1 (100%) 1 1 (100%)
2004 SR on IDP’s 1 1 (100%) 4 1 (25%)
2005 WG use of mercenaries 5 2 (40%) 11 6 (54.5%)
1999 SR migrants 1 0 (0%) 4 1 (25%)
2005 SR minority issues 1 0 (0%) 3 2 (66.67%)
2013 IExp older persons 1 1 (100%) 1 1 (100%)
2011 SR truth, justice, reparations 1 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%)
1993 SR discrimination 1 1 (100%) 5 1 (20%)
2007 SR slavery 1 1 (100%) 2 2(100%)
2005 IExp hhrr and international solidarity 1 0 (0%) 3  1 (33%)
2005 SR terrorism 1 1 (100%) 3 1 (33%)
1985 SR torture 1 0 (0%) 6 0 (0%)
1995 SR environmentally sound waste management 1 0 (0%) 5 1 (20%)
2004 SR trafficking 1 1 (100%) 3  3 (100%)
2011 WG hhrr and corporations 5 2 (40%) 10 4 (40%)
2008 SR water 1 0 (0%)  2 1 (50%)
2010 WG discrimination against women 5 5 (100%) 11 11 (100%)
1994 SR violence against women 1 1 (100%) 4 4 (100%)
2012 SR Belarus 1 1 (100%) 2 1 (50%)
1993 SR Cambodia 1 1 (100%) 6 1 (16.67%)
2013 IExp Central African Republic 1 1 (100%) 1 1 (100%)
2004 SR Korea 1 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%)
2012 SR Eritrea 1 1 (100%) 2 2 (100%)
2011 SR Iran 1 0 (0%) 3 1 (50%)
2013 IExp Mali 1 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%)
1992 SR Myanmar 1 1 (100%) 5 1 (20%)
1993 SR Palestine 1 0 (0%) 7 0 (0%)
1993 IExp Somalia 1 0 (0%) 6 1 (16.67%)
1993 IExp Sudan 1 0 (0%) 8 1 (12.5%)
2011 SR Syria* 1 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%)
1990 SR sale of children, prostitution, and pornography 1 1 (100%) 5 3 (60%)
2009 SR cultural rights 1 1 (100%) 2 2(100%)
2014 SR persons with disabilities 1 1 (100%) 1 1 (100%)
2016 IE on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism  1  1(100%)  1  1(100%)
2015 SR on the right to privacy  1  0 (0%)  1  0 (0%)
2016 IE on protection against violence & discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity  1  0 (0%)  2  0 (0%)
2016 SR on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of HR 1  0 (0%)  1  0 (0%)
2016 SR on the right to development 1 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%)
TOTAL  56 Special Procedures 
81 positions 34 (41.98%) 247

* Will start once the mandate of the commission of inquiry ends.

*SR Haiti  was discontinued in March 2017.

*IExp Côte d’Ivoire was discontinued in June 2017

Other

Year
Founded
Body Current
Members
Current
Women
%
Total
Historical #
Members
Total #
of Women
%
1995 World Trade Organization
Appellate Body
6 1 (16.67%) 25 4 (16%)
 1947  International Law Commission 34 4 (11.76%) 229  7(3.06%)
 TOTAL 40
positions
5 (12.50%) 254 11(4.33%)

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  1. Connie,Just came across your blog(from Michel-Adrien Sheppard’s blog) and wanetd to thank you for this post. I’ll be linking to it on Monday. Again thank you and I look forward to reading your blog in future.Michael

  2. GQUAL | Igualdad de género en la representación internacional
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