In an effort to promote transparency and increase awareness of the nomination and election process for members of international tribunals and monitoring bodies, we created GQUAL’s Jobs Board to track this important information.

Recent and Upcoming Elections in 2018*:

 

International Body Nomination
Deadline
Election/
Appointment
Date
Available
Seats
Current No.
of Women/Men
Nominees
Women/Total
RESULTS
International Criminal Court
27 August 2017 December
4-14, 2017
6 6/12 9/12
Committee on the Economic, Social & Cultural Rights (CESCR)
22 Dec. 2017  April, 2018 9  5/13 0/3

(please note these are provisional nominees)
 Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
12 April 2018 12 June 2018 9 1/17

 

Human Rights Committee (HRCttee)
27 Dec. 2017 14 June 2018 9 8/10
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
29 June 2018 12  22/1
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Feb. 2018 June 2018 9 9/9
Optional Protocol on the Convention Against Torture (OPCAT)
March 2018 October 2018 13  12/13
  1. Independent Expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order
  2. Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination: member from the African, Eastern European and Latin American, & Caribbean States
  3. Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation & guarantees of non-recurrence
  4.  Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali 
  5. Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous People (EMRIP) : member from Africa and from North America States. 
Nov. 2017 March 2018 at HRC37 1. 1

2. 2

3. 1

4. 1

5. 2

1. 0/1

2.6/5

3. 0/1

4. 0/1

5. 4/7

  1. Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises: Member from African States & Eastern Europe Group
  2. Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, health, and sustainable environment
June, 2018
at HRC38
 1. 2

2. 1

 1. 3/6
2. 0/1
  1. Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus
  2. Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea
Sept. 2018 at HRC39  1. 1
1. 1
1. 0/1
2/ 1/0
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
3 members, 2 seats for re-election
June 2018 3 1/6
*please note that dates are subject to change

International Courts

International Court of Justice
15 judges; 3 of them women
Each judge serves a nine year term and every three years a third of the Court is submitted to an election cycle. Judges are eligible for one re-election.
All States parties to the Statute of the Court have the right to propose candidates through their members at the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Judges are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations.
The next election cycle will take place in 2018 for five available seats.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

International Criminal Court
18 judges; 6 of them women
Judges are elected based on the process established by Article 36 of the Rome Statute. They serve for a term of 9 years. There is no possibility for re-election.
 Next election cycle will take place in 2018 for available seats.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
21 members; 2 women
Each member serves a nine year term and every three years a third of the Court is elected. They have a possibility to be reelected. Member States have the right to propose two candidates. Elections shall be held at a meeting of the States Parties convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
The next election cycle will take place in 2020 for seven available seats.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
10 judges; 2 of them women
Each judge serves a four year term and is eligible for re-election.
Members of the UN Security Council have the right to propose candidates. Elections are conducted by the United Nations General Assembly.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
8 permanent judges; 0 of them women
Each judge serves a four year term and is eligible for re-election.
Members of the UN Security Council have the right to propose candidates. Elections are conducted by the United Nations General Assembly.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info 

Regional Human Rights  Tribunals

Inter-American Court of Human Rights
7  judges; 1 of them women 
Each judge serves a six year term with the possibility of one re-election at the end of the term.
States parties to the American Convention have the right to propose three candidates. Judges are elected during the OAS General Assembly by Member States.
 The next cycle will take place in 2020.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

European Court of Human Rights
46 judges; 16 of them women and 1 woman serving as Deputy Registrar 
Each judge serves a non-renewable nine year term.
Member States have the right to propose three candidates. Judges are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

African Court on Human and People’s Rights
11 judges; 2 of them women
Each judge serves a six year term with one possibility to be reelected.
African Union Member States have the right to propose three candidates. Judges are elected by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

International Commissions

Inter-American Commissions on Human Rights
7 Commissioners; 4 of them women
Members serve four year terms and can be reelected for one more term.
States parties to the American Convention have the right to propose three candidates. Commissioners are elected during the OAS General Assembly by Member States.
The next cycle will take place in 2019.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current commission composition | Additional Info

African Commission on Human Rights and People’s Rights
11 commissioners; 7 of them women
Commissioners serve six years, renewable for one more term.
African Union Member States have the right to propose candidates. Judges are elected by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current commission composition | Additional Info

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children
20 representatives; 16 of them women
Members serve three year terms and each State will appoint one of its two representatives to serve an initial term of four and a half years.
ASEAN Member States have the right to appoint two candidates: one children’s rights and one on women’s rights.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current commission composition | Additional Info

ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights
10 Representatives; 3 of them women
Each Representative serves three years with the option to be consecutively re-appointed for one more term.
ASEAN Member States have the right to appoint one candidate.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current commission composition | Additional Info

Hybrid Tribunals

Extraordinary Chamber in the Courts of Cambodia
23 judges; 3 of them women

Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current chamber composition | Additional Info

Special Court for Sierra Leone (closed in 2013)
8 judges; 2 of them were women
Judges shall be appointed for a three-year period and shall be eligible for reappointment.
The Government of Sierra Leone and the UN Secretary-General shall consult on the appointment of judges.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone
15 judges; 5 of them are women*
Judges shall be appointed for a six-year period and shall be eligible for reappointment.
10 judges are appointed by the UN Secretary-General and six by the Government of Sierra Leone.

*  10 Appointed by the United Nations ( 4 women) and 5 Appointed by the Government of Sierra Leone (1 woman)
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Special Tribunal for Lebanon
11 judges; 3 of them are women
Judges are appointed for a three year period and are eligible for reappointment.
The UN Secretary-General elects the judges in consultation with the Government of Lebanon.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info 

Regional Courts

European Court of Justice
28 judges; 5 of them women | 12 Advocates General; 2 of them women
Each judge and advocate general is appointed for a renewable six-year term. National governments have the right to appoint judges and advocate generals. Member States must receive a consultation from a panel on the candidate’s suitability to perform their duties.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

European Free Trade Agreement Court
4 judges; 0 women
Each judge serves a six year term.
States party to the EEA Agreement are eligible to nominate one candidate.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Court of Justice of the Andean Community
4 judges; 2 of them women

Each judge serves a renewable, six year term and Court elections occur every three years.
Member States have the right to appoint members.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Central American Court of Justice
7 judges; 1 of them women
Judges are elected to serve for 10 years and can be reelected once. Each Member State can nominate a maximum of two judges.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Caribbean Court of Justice
7 judges; 1 of them a woman

Judges are allowed to serve until they reach the age of 72.  The president, however, shall hold office for a non-renewable term of seven years.
Judges are appointed by a vote of the eleven member Regional Judicial and Legal Services Commission.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Court of Justice
7 judges; 1 of them a woman
Judges serve for a four-year term. They are nominated by Member States among their nationals.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

East African Court of Justice (EACJ)
10 judges; 1 of them a woman
Judges serve seven-year terms.
Member states of the East African Community can appoint three judges: two judges for the First Instance Division and one for the Appellate Division.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current court composition | Additional Info

UN Bodies

Committee’s
Human Rights Committee

18 members; 5 of them women
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and serve in their personal capacity and may be re-elected if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
18 members; 3 of them women
Members are elected for a term of four years by States parties and serve in their personal capacity and may be re-elected if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
18 members; 7 of them women
Nine members are elected for a four year term by States parties every two years and serve in their personal capacity and may be re-elected if re-nominated.

The next cycle will take place in 2019
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on the Protection of the rights of all Migrant Workers and members of their Families
14 members; 5 of them women
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and serve in their personal capacity and may be re-elected if re-nominated.

The next cycle will take place in 2019
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on Enforced Disappearances
10 members; 3 of them women
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected once if re-nominated.

The next cycle will take place in 2019
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
23 members; 1 of them a man
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on the Rights of the Child
18 members; 9 of them women.
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected  if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
18 members; 6 of them women.
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected once if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Committee Against Torture
10  members; 4 of them women.
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected  if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture
25 members; 13 of them women.
Members are elected for a four year term by States parties and may be re-elected if re-nominated.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current committee composition | Additional Info

UN Special Procedures-Rapporteurships, Independent Experts and Working Groups

80 total positions; 56 Special Procedures (42 thematic and 14 country mandates)  

View list of nominees and open Rapporteurships and Working Groups for the next nomination cycle here. More information 

Other Bodies

World Trade Organization Appellate Body
7 current members; 1 of them woman
Members are elected by the Dispute Settlement Body for a period of 4 years with one possibility to be reappointed after the term ends.
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current body composition | Additional Info

International Law Commission
34 current members; 2 of them women
C
andidates are nominated exclusively by States Members of the United Nations. Election are carried out by the General Assembly. Each Member State may nominate a maximum of four candidates, of whom only two may be nationals of the nominating State.
The next cycle will take place in 2021
Link to nomination and election processes | Link to current body composition | Additional Info

Office of the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide

Special advisers are appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General (since 2004). This includes one full-time position and one part-time position. The mandate for full-time position lasts 5 years. The last appointment was on July 17, 2012. It is expected for there to be a vacancy in July 2017.

More Information

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